Schuh’s Annotated Bio-Bibliography

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REGNAULT, Henri Victor.

(1810 – 1878)

(Born: Aachen, France, 21 July 1810; Died: Paris, France, 19 January 1878) French chemist & crystallographer.

In 1832, Regnault was accepted into the Corps de Mines raising to the rank of Engineer in Chef, 2nd class by 1847. He then accepted a position as professor of chemistry at the École Polytechnique and professor of physics at the College de France. He was elected a member of the French Academie des Sciences in 1840, and he won the Copley Medal of the Royal Society in 1869.

Biographical references: ABF: I 879, 446-458; II 544, 281-285. Glaeser, E., Biographie nationale des contemporains. Paris, 1878. 4,824 p. [French national biography of the 19th century.]. Nouvelle Biographie Générale (Hoefer). Poggendorff: 2, cols. 588-90 & 3, 1099-1100. Schaedler, Biographisch Handwörterbuch, 1891: 101. WBI.

1. English, 1848.
An | Elementary Treatise | On | Crystallography. | By M.V. Regnault, | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | [wavy rule] | Illustrated With 108 Engravings. | [wavy rule] | London: | Hippolyte Bailliere, Publisher, | And Foreign Bookseller To The Royal College Of Surgeons, | 219, Regent Street. | Paris: J.B. Bailliere, Libraire, Rue De L'Ecole De Medecine. | [rule] | 1848.

8°: [4], [1]-70, [2] p. Page size: 215 x 138 mm.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso "William Henry Cox | Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields."; [1 pg], "Publisher's Preface."-dated May 1848.; [1 pg], "Contents."; [1]-70, Text.; [2 pgs], Publisher's list.

Scarce. A basic introduction to the science of crystallography extracted and translated from the author's comprehensive textbook of chemistry, Cours de Chemie (2 vols., Paris, 1847-9). The text begins by defining the nomenclature of the study including edges, angles, center, and axes, next is a definition of simple and compound forms, truncations, and bevelment. The bulk of the text then describes the six divisions of the crystallographic system. Finally, the author describes imperfections in crystal formation, dimorphism, polymorphism and isomorphism.