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(1852 – 1907)

(Born: Paris, France, 28 September 1852; Died: Paris, France, 20 February 1907) French chemist.

Moissan isolated the element fluorine, devised and perfected an electric furnace, prepared artificial diamonds, rare earth metals, and refractory compounds. He is credited with over three hundred publications. He received many awards throughout his career, including in 1906 the Nobel Prize for chemistry.

Biographical references: ABF: I 746, 110-113; II 469, 191-206. WBI.

1. French, 1904-6 [First edition].
Traité de Chemie Minérale. Publié sous la direction de Henri Moissan ... Avec la collaboration de MM. Aloy, Andre et al. Secretaire de la redaction Marcel Guichard. Paris, Masson et Cie, 1904-1906.

5 vols.

Scarce. The most authoritative French work on inorganic chemistry, edited by the noted French chemist who received the 1906 Nobel Prize in chemistry. Best known for his isolation of the element fluorine and his pioneering research in high-temperature chemistry, Moissan wrote many sections of this comprehensive collaborative effort which includes contributions by many other prominent French chemists.

Bibliographical references: Partington, History of Chemistry, 1961-70: 4, p. 911-915. Zeitlinger & Sotheran, Bibliotheca Chemico, 1921-52: 2nd Suppl. 1, 730.