MALACARNE, Claro Giuseppe.
(1777 – 1828)
Malacarne was a professor of surgery at the University of Padua. He was also a member of the Jena Mineralogical Society.
Biographical references: Schwabe, Historische Nachricht, 1801.
1. Italian, 1813.
Catalogo | Di Una | Collezione Di Minerali | Disposta | Secondo Il Sistema Del Celebre | Werner | Ed Acquistata Per Uso | De' Licei Del Regno D'Italia | A Freyberg | Dalla Direzione Generale | Di Pubblica Istruzione. | [rule] | Milano, | Dalla Stamperia Reale, 1813.
8°: [a]-d8 1-198 206; 190l.; [i]-lxiv, -316 p., indexes. Page size: 222 x 145 mm.
Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, "Catalogo | Di Una | Collezione," verso blank.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; [v]-[viii], "Avverimento."; [ix]-xxiv, "Caratteri Mineralogici. | ..."; [xxv]-lxiv, "Distribuzione Metodica | De' Minerali."; -180, Text.; -281, "Indice Alfabetico | Delle Sinonimie."; -316, "Etimologia Alfabetica | ..."
Rare. This catalog, attributed to C.G. Malacarne by near contemporary sources including Partsch, describes a mineral collection purchased by the Italian goverment from the Freiberg Berakademie. It was intented that this acqusition would be used to instruct students in mineralogy, and this book is in part a product of that goal. The text is based on the original German manuscript catalog, which was sent from Freiberg with the collection. It was written with the assistance of an anonymous naturalist, presented as a former professor in one of the Milanese secondary schools. Vaccari suggests that the author could have been Ermenegildo Pini [1739-1825] who had taught in Milan, worked as Inspector of Public Education, and was a supporter of Werner's theories of geology and mineralogy.
The volume begins with a long introduction describing the criteria used to identify various species and stressing the importance of chemistry and crystal structure in mineral determination. A review of the classification systems of Werner and Haüy is then given, after which the catalog is presented. It is arranged according to the second mineralogical system of Abraham Gottlob Werner, as outlined in Beschreibung einer auserlesenen Mineraliensammlung (Dresden, 1807). Each of the 462 mineral specimens listed is carefully portrayed with references to synonyms, localities, physical and chemical qualities and crystallography. Indexes listing mineralogical synonyms and an alphabetical list of the described minerals conclude the work.
Bibliographical references: Agassiz, Bibliographia Geologiæ, 1848-54: 3, p. 531 [attributes authorship to C.G. Malacarne]. BL [no copy listed]. Freiesleben, Sächsische Mineralien-Verzeichnisse, 1828: no. 66. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 556. Katalog Bergakademie Freiberg, 1879: p. 122 [VI. 92.]. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle scienze di Torino: 23 (1818), p. xxxiii [In a list of books received Malacarne is listed as the author.; found on GoogleBook.]. Partsch, Katalog der Bibliothek, 1851: no. 475 [attributes authorship to C.G. Malacarne]. Vaccari, Mineralogy and Mining in Italy, 1998. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 1179..