(1724 – 1804)
Kant is one of the most influential philosophers in the history of Western philosophy. His contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics have had a profound impact on almost every philosophical movement that followed him.German philosopher and founder of critical philosophy. The son of a saddler, Kant was born and educated in Königsberg (Kaliningrad) in East Prussia. After leaving the university he spent a number of years in private tutoring, but taking his master's degree in 1755, he settled to teach a variety of subjects as Privatdozent. In 1770 he was appointed to the chair of logic and metaphysics at Königsberg. It was after this that he entered on his greatest, "critical" period. His life was orderly to the point of caricature: he never left Königsberg, and never married.In spite of notorious difficulty of reading Kant, made worse by his penchant for scholastic systematization and obscure terminology, his place as the greatest philosopher of the latest three hundred years is well assured.
Biographical references: ADB. Buttner, Manfred and Karl Hoheisel. "Immanuel Kant," Geographers Biobibliographical Studies, 4 (1980), 55-67. DBA: I 477, 240-243; 625, 278-318. Hamberger & Meusel, Gelehrte Teutschland, 1796-1834. Jöcher, Gelehrten-Lexikon, Supplement. Larkin, Robert P. and Gary L. Peters. Biographical dictionary of geography. Westport, Ct., Greenwood Press, 1993. xii, 361 p: p. 153-6. Poggendorff: 1, cols. 1222-3. WBI.
1. German, 1756.
Geschichte | und | Naturbeschreibung | der merkwürdigsten Vorfälle | des | Erdbebens | welches an dem Ende des 1755sten Jahres | einen großen Theil der Erde | erschüttert hat | von | M. Immanuel Kant. | [ornament] | [rule] | Königsberg, gedruckt und verlet. von Joh. Heinrich Hartung 1756.
4°: -40 p., title vignette.
Rare. This monograph discusses the history of earthquakes, together with theories of their causes.
Bibliographical references: BL [no copy listed]. LKG: XIII 268*. Schmidt, Peter. "Gedanken zum Umbruch in der europäischen Seismologie während des 18. Jahrhunderts", Zeitschrift für geologische Wissenschaften, 8 (1980), no. 2, 189-206. [History of European seismology in the 18th century.].
2. German, 1802.
Immanuel Kant's | physische Geographie. | [ornate rule] | Auf | Verlangen des Verfassers, | aus seiner Handschrift herausgegeben | und zum Theil bearbeitet | von | D. Friedrich Theodor Rink. | [ornate rule] | Erster [-Zweyter] Band. | [ornate rule] | Königsberg, 1802.
2 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: )(4 A-O8 P-Q4; 124l.; [i]-viii, -240 p. [Vol 2] 8°: π2 A-L8 M6 N4; 100l.; , -195,  p. Page size: 184 x 110 mm.
Contents: [Vol 1] [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-viii, "Vorrede | des Herausgebers."-signed Rink.; -240, Text.
[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], "Inhalt des ersten Theils" and "Inhalt des zweyten Theils."; -195, Text.; [1 pg], Blank.
Very scarce. The text for this Physical Geography was prepared from manuscript notes by Friedrich Theodor Rink [1770-1811]. Pages 87-102 of the second part describe the mineral kingdom in a very genetic way.
Kant arranged geography into six ranges, about which, physical geography, when basis of the five of other ranges was regarded (mathematical, moral, political, economic and theological geography). Kant kept the Kolleg over physical geography of the beginning of his Privatdozentur (1755) up to the end of his lecture activity in the summer constant 1796 after ' own dictatis ' and not at the manual one printed available text book. On the basis of different manuscripts Rink, a pupil of Kant, has that available two-restrains expenditures. in the year 1802 in king mountain to appear leave. Before still Rink with its edition work was finished, the first two volumes appeared one of K. did not authorize expenditure. A certain Vollmer finally brought 1801 out in Hamburg publishing house the two first volumes of one 1805 expenditure increased up to four volumes. It is still unsettled, in which extent the Vollmer' expenditure decreases/goes back actually - as indicated - on materials, which originate from Kant's lecture-room.
Facsimile reprint, 1975: Physische Geographie. Amsterdam., Meridian., 1975. viii, 240 p.; iv, 195 p. 2 vols. in one. Facsimile of the edition of Königsberg, 1802.
Bibliographical references: BL. LKG: XIII 227..