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(1851 – 1911)

(Born: Madrid, Spain, 22 September 1851; Died: Madrid, Spain, 3 July 1911) Spanish geologist, petrologist & mineralogist.

Calderón was professor in Las Palmas, but he was deported for political reasons. He went back to Madrid, where he founded the Institución Libre de Enseñanza. After some time spent studying in Geneva, Vienna and Munich, he went to Nicaragua, and in that country, founded in León, with others, the Instituto de Occidente. In 1883, Calderón was commissioned by the Spanish government to visit the most important natural history museums in Europe, to obtain the criteria by which the reform of the Spanish museums should be made. He was a teacher of geology in the University of Sevilla and, later, in the University of Madrid. Calderón was an expert on the geology of the Guadalajara region of Spain and the Canary Islands.

Biographical references: ABE: I 153, 207-212; III 115, 150-163. Hernández Pacheco, E., "El profesor D. Salvador Calderón y Arana y su labor científica", Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 11, 405-45. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 71. López Piñero, Diccionario Histórico, 1983: 1, 158-9. Ordóñez, S., "La escuela de geología de Madrid. Salvador Calderón y Arana (1853-1911)" (pp. 1, 570-1), in: III Congreso Español de Geología y VII Congreso Latinoamericano de Geología. Simposios. Salamanca, 1992.. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 679 & Suppl. 2 (1995), 1, 486. WBI.

Die Mineralfundstätten der Iberischen Halbinsel (Berlin, 1902).
See under: Tenne, Conrad Friedrich August.

1. Spanish, 191---.
Mineralogia Manuales. Barcelona, Manuel Soler, 191-.

8°: 224 p., illus. Published as: Col. Manuales Gallach N° VII. Page size: 150 x 100 mm. Rare.

Bibliographical references: BL [no copy listed].

Los Minerales de España, 1910

2. Spanish, 1910.
Junta Para Ampliación De Estudios | É Investigaciones Científicas | [rule] | Los Minerales | De | España | Por | D. Salvador Calderón | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | Tomo I | [rule] | Madrid | Imprenta De Eduardo Arias | San Lorenzo, 5, bajo. | [short rule] | 1910.

2 vols. in one. [Vol 1] 8°: [I]-VIII, [1]-416 p. [Vol 2] 8°: [1]-561, [1] p. Page size: 228 x 162 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [I-II], Half title page, "Los Minerales De España," verso blank.; [III-IV], Title page, verso blank.; VII-VIII, Preface.; [1]-24, "Introduccíon."; [25]-32, "Principales Trabajos" [=bibliography].; [33]-414, Text.; [415]-416, "Índice Del Tomo I."

[Vol 2] [1-2], Half title page, "Los Minerales De España," verso blank.; [3-4], Title page, verso blank.; [5]-532, Text.; [533]-546, "Índice Del Tomo II."; [547]-561, "Índice | por provircias de las especies minerales citadas en esta obra."; [1 pg], Blank.

Scarce. Calderón's two volume classic work, Los Minerales de España, is the fundemental work on Spanish mineralogy, and even today it is an essential source of information. It was the first serious modern attempt at a compilation of Spanish mineralogy, and follows Groth's classification, describing the minerals found in the Peninsula, province to province, together with information about the deposits then known or supposed.

Calderón compiled the information from his own studies about Spanish minerals, adding historical notes, new species and new deposits, because in those years, the works of the Spanish institutions related to mining and mineralogy (Escuela de Minas de Madrid, Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural) encouraged the knowledge of the mineralogy of the country. Calderón's work influenced most of the modern works that describe the mineralogy of Spain.

Bibliographical references: BL [Ac.145/2.]. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 69. NUC. Sinkankas, Gemology Bibliography, 1993: no. 1110.