(Born: Paris, France, 18 July 1843; Died: Paris, France, 23 April 1925) French mineralogist, palaeontologist, stratigrapher & chemist.
After acting as `préparateur' in chemistry at the Polytechnic School, Meunier in 1867 entered employment at the Natural History Museum in Paris as assistant in geology. He also acted for a time from 1880 as professor of natural history at the École Normale. In 1892, he became head of the department in the Museum with the title of professor of geology, retiring in 1920 with the title of honorary professor. He was a prolific writer and editor of several popular magazines. His chemical research was based on the artificial production of minerals, which he extended to meteoric minerals and meteorites.
Biographical references: ABF: I 736, 168-174. Arch. Muséum: Series 6, 2 (1926), no. 7, 49-79, portrait. Bull. Soc. Étude Sci. Nat. Elbeuf: 1925, 125-79 [by G.F. Dollfus]. Bull. Soc. Naturalistes Archéologues de l'Ain: no. 40 (1926), 1-6, portrait. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 292. Mineralogical Magazine: 21 (1927), no. 117, 245-6 [by L.J. Spencer]. Poggendorff: 3, 905-6, 4, 994-5, 5, 839 & 6, ???. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 3, 1708. WBI.
1. French, 1891.
Les | Méthodes De Synthèse | En | Minéralogie | Cours Professé Au Muséum | Par | Stanislas Meunier | [...6 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Paris | Librairie Polytechnique, Baudry Et Cie, Éditeurs | 13, Rue Des Saints-Pères. 15 | Maison A Liège, Rue Des Domincains, 7 | [short rule] | 1891.
8°: [i]-xii, -359,  p.
Very scarce. This is a comprehensive textbook describing all aspects of synthesizing mineral compounds in the laboratory. Meunier describes the accidental creation of minerals as well as giving the scientific rational behind mineral creation. He then provides detailed instructions for creating a large number of mineral species in the laboratory including recipes, apparatus, coloring agents, etc. The entire text is fully referenced to original citations and includes at the conclusion indexes to the names of the various authors and a comprehensive subject listing.
Bibliographical references: American Journal of Science: 3rd Series, 43 (1892), p. 245. American Naturalist: 26 (1892), no. 304, p. 328-329. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie: 1891, p. 231-2. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 77. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: p. 292. Poggendorff: 3, 905-6, 4, ??? & 5, ???.. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 3, 1708.
2. French, 1919.
Les gîtes minéraux, par Stanislas Meunier ... Paris, H. Dunod et E. Pinat, 1919.
8°: ., xv, 384 p., illus.
3. French, 1884.
Météorites. Paris, 1884.
532 p. : ill., maps
4. French, 1909 [Collection catalog].
Guide dans la collection des météorites avec le Catalogue des chutes représentées au Muséum. Paris, Laboratoire de Geologie du Museúm, 1909.
At head of title: Mus. National D'Histoire Naturelle; Chaire de géologie: M. Stanislaus Meunier.