(Born: Strausbourg, France, 12 March 1832; Died: Montauban, France, 20 April 1899) French chemist & crystallographer.
Father of Georges Friedel, Charles Friedel studied at the Sorbonne in Paris. He qualified in both chemistry and mineralogy and in 1856 was made curator of the collection of minerals at the École des Mines. In 1871 he became an instructor at the École Normalé and from 1876 was a professor of mineralogy at the Sorbonne. Together with the U.S. chemist James Mason Crafts [1839-1917], he discovered the Friedel-Crafts reaction, which is useful in organic synthesis. Throughout his career, Friedel successfully combined his interests in chemistry and minerals, and authored important studies of pyroelectricity and of artificial synthesis of minerals.
Biographical references: ABF: I 423, 376-380; II 276, 142-145. Barr, Index to Biographical Fragments, 1973: 91. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie: 23 (1900), no. 2, 171-90, portrait. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th edition. Poggendorff: 3, 475-6, 4, 458-9 & 5, 397. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 1044-5. Smith, Tourchbearers of Chemistry, 1949. WBI. World Who's Who in Science: 609. Zentralblatt für Mineralogie: Jg. 1900, 53-68 [by M. Bauer].
1. French, 1893 [First edition].
Cours | De | Minéralogie | Professé | À La Faculté Des Sciences De Paris | Par | Charles Friedel | [...4 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Minéralogie Générale | Paris | G. Masson, Éditeur | 120, Boulevard Saint-Germain | [short rule] | 1893.
8°: iii, 416 p.
Bibliographical references: BL [07109.h.29.]. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 71.
2. French, 1904 [Another edition].
École Des Mines | De Saint-Étienne | [rule] | Cours De Minéralogie | Par | M. Friedel | [ornament] | Saint-Étienne | Société De L'Imprimerie Thèolier. - J. Thomas Et Cie | 12, rue Gérentet, 12 | [short rule] | 1904.
Bibliographical references: NUC.