(1814 - 1894)
(Born: Versailles, France, 28 February 1814; Died: Paris, France, 3 February 1894) French chemist.
Fremy studied under Gay-Lussac, and became professor of chemistry at the École Polytechnique. Later, at the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. Fremy edited 40 volumes of the Encyclopédie Chimique (Paris, 1882-94). In 1857 he was elected to the French Academy of Science.
Biographical references: ABF: I 421, 311-321; II 275, 115. Biographie Universelle. DSB: 5, 157-8. Nouvelle Biographie Générale (Hoefer). Poggendorff: 1, cols. 797-8, 3, 473 & 4, 453. WBI.
Synthèse du Rubis, 1891
1. French, 1891.
Synthèse | Du Rubis | Par | E. Fremy | Membre De L'Institut | Directeur Du Museum D'Histoire Naturelle | 1877-1890 | [ornate rule] | Paris | Vve Ch. Dunod, Éditeur | Libraire Des Corps Nationaux Des Ponts Et Chaussées, Des Chemins De Fer | Des Mines Et Des Télégraphes | 49, Quai des Augustins, 49 | [short rule] | 1891.
4°: , 30,  p., l.34-55 (plates), -58,  p. The strange pagination results from numbering the plates on the recto side only.
Page size: 370 x 235 mm. uncut.
Very scarce. Frémy was celebrated as the first to synthesis ruby. He had started the research in 1877 and brought the experiments to a successful conclusion in 1890. In this work he reports on the process, equipment, and materials used, and describes the technical problems encountered in the synthesis. The numerous plates show the crystals in various stages of growth, the equipment, and jewelry made from stones faceted from the material.
Bibliographical references: NUC. Sinkankas, Gemology Bibliography, 1993: no. 2239.