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Carlo Allioni

(1725 - 1804)

(Born: Piemont, Italy, 1725; Died: 28 July 1804) Italian physician.

Allioni graduated with an M.D. in 1747 and opened a medical practice in conjunction with his duties as professor of botany at the University of Turin. He was elected a member of many prestigious European academies and first treasurer, from 1801, of the Academy of Sciences of Turin. His prime notoriety however was tied to his botanical studies with his Flora Pedemontana being his greatest work.

Biographical references: ABI: I 34, 67-77. Casati, Dizionario degli Scrittori d'Italia, 1925-34. Catalogue of Portraits of Naturalists: 110 [4 portraits listed]. Dizionario Biografico Italiani. Jöcher, Gelehrten-Lexikon, 1750-51. Poggendorff: 1, col. 32. WBI.

Oryctographię, 1757

1. Latin, 1757.
Oryctographię | Pedemontanę | Specimen, | Exhibens corpora Fossilia | terrę adventitia: | Auctore Carolo Allionio, Ph. & | Med. Doct. č Societate Physico-Bota- | nicā Florentinā, & Academiā Regiā | Matritensi. | [ornament] | Parisiis, | Ad Ripam Augustinorum; | Apud Claudium-Joannem-Baptistam Bauche, Biblio- | polam, ad insigne sanctę Genovesę & sancti Joannis | in deserto. | [double rule] | M. DCC. LVII. | Cum privilegio & approbatione.

8°: A-F8; 48l.; [i]-viij, [1]-82, [6] p. Page size: 196 x 120 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-iv, "Pręfatio."; v-vij, "Elenchus Auctorum | qui citantur."; viij, "Approbatio."; [1]-82, Text.; [2 pgs], "Index Locorum | pręcipuorum, quibus corpora marina | fossilia collecta sunt."; [4 pgs], Publisher's list.

Scarce. An early description of the marine fossils and some minerals found in the Piemonte region of north-west Italy, which borders France and Switzerland. In the preface, Allioni explains that he has collected a considerable number of objects in the region and in this work he will describe them. He includes a list of authorities cited in his descriptions and an index to the described fossils and minerals.

Bibliographical references: BL [953.d.3.]. BMC: 1, 29. LKG: XIV 639.

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