Hugo Bücking was born in Bieber in Spessart, Germany, on September 12, 1851, the son of a mining official.
In 1874 he was awarded a doctorate at the University of Marburg, and after working as an assistant to Paul Heinrich von Groth in Strasbourg, he relocated to the University of Berlin in 1879. From 1879 to 1881 he also served at the Prussian Geological Institute. In 1881 he became associate professor at the University of Kiel. In 1882 he was made a professor of mineralogy and geology, as well as director of the Mineralogical Museum and Institute at the University of Kiel. In 1883 he became director of the Geological Institute of Alsace-Lorraine and professor of mineralogy at the University of Strasbourg, succeeding his teacher, von Groth.
Following the First World War, Alsace became a part of France and Bücking (being German) was forced to leave its position. He went to Heidelberg where he was appointed an emeritus professor and an imperial Geheimer Bergrat, and served as corresponding member of the physical-mathematical class of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. Bücking married Jenny Buhring, a woman 13 years his junior, ca. 1885 and together they had one daughter, Hanny Steffani Bücking, in 1886.
During Bücking's career he introduced quantitative measurements of the photoelastic behavior of crystals. In addition, he had identified several hundred varieties of crystal structures, which are of different origin, and experimentally examined them for their chemical applications. Bücking also initiated the geological exploration of the North Spessart area. Hugo Bücking died in Heidelberg on November 18, 1932, at the age of 82.
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WILSON, Wendell E. (2019)
Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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