Paul Heinrich Groth, German mineralogist, was born in Magdeburg, Germany, on June 23, 1843, the son of ___________ and Phillip Groth, a portrait painter. He was educated at the Freiberg Mining Academy, where he joined the Saxo-Borussia Corps (a cultural organization of students and alumni at the Academy). He then enrolled at the Polytechnic school in Dresden and in 1865 transferred to the University of Berlin, where he studied under the physicist Heinrich Gustav Magnus and the mineralogist Gustav Rose.
In 1868 he received his doctorate from Magnus, and after two years as an assistant, in 1871 he received a position as Bicentenary Lecturer at the Freiberg Mining Academy. In 1872 he took the position of Professor of Mineralogy at the University of Strasbourg. From 1883 he served as Professor of Mineralogy and Curator of the State Mineralogical Collection in Munich, and was also full professor at the so-called "second philosophical faculty" at the Chemical Institute of the University of Munich. He was appointed a Senator in 1891, and in 1908 he was awarded the civilian title and rank of Geheimen Rats und königlichen Hofrats.
Groth's most important contribution to science was his systematic classification of minerals based on their chemical compositions and crystal structures. He carried out extensive research on the crystal structures of minerals. He published Tabellarische Übersicht der einfachen Mineralien (1874-1898) and Physikalische Krystallographie (1876-1895, 4th edition in 1905), the latter of which was influential in the acceptance of crystallographic methods in the field of organic chemistry. In 1877 he founded the journal Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie, and served as its editor until 1920. In 1883, Groth compiled a monumental five-volume work entitled Chemische Kristallographie, which listed crystalline morphology and physical properties for thousands of substances.
He died in Munich on December 2, 1927.
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[Citation format for this entry:
WILSON, Wendell E. (2019)
Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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||Paul Groth, ca. 1910|
||46 x 74 mm (courtesy of Armin Sorg)|