Charles P. Krauth
Charles Philip Krauth (named after his grandfather, a prominent Lutheran theologian and President of Gettysburg College) was born in Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia on May 22, 1849, the son of Susan Reynolds and Charles Porterfield Krauth (1823-1883), who was "by universal consent the most accomplished scholar and theologian of the Lutheran church in America" and Prof. of Geometry at the University of Pennsylvania (Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography).
His family lived in Baltimore from 1849 to 1852, in St. Thomas in the Virgin Islands from 1853 to 1854, in Pittsburgh from 1855 to 1859, and in Philadelphia from 1859 to 1888. He attended private schools in Pittsburgh before moving to Philadelphia, where he studied at Dr. Charles Short's Academy. In 1867 he entered the Preparatory Department at Pennsylvania College in Gettysburg for two years, and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania after two years more, in 1869. Somewhere along the way he acquired an interest in mineralogy and mining—not hard to do in Philadelphia, the virtual birthplace of mineralogy in America.
Following his newfound passion for minerals, he went abroad to study Mining Engineering and Geology at the Freiberg Mining Academy for six years (1870-1876). This training, though fascinating, did not appear to result in a degree from the Academy. He returned to America where he took a position with the Pullman Palace Car Company (1876-1886), then served as Superintendent of the Wagner Palace Car Company (1886-1887), and as Secretary of the McConway & Torley Company in Pittsburg (1888-1899).
He was a collector at heart, having assembled a nice mineral collection during his six years in Freiberg (many of his specimens carry labels from the Mineralien-Niederlage zu Freiberg, the Academy's specimen dealership), and was especially interested in stamp collecting, with membership in many philatelic and scientific organizations including the Academy of Science in Philadelphia and the Collectors Club of New York.
Krauth married Isabel Cruise Wallace in Philadelphia in 1881, and together they had three children: (1) Hetty Wallace Krauth (1883-1942), Isabelle R. Krauth (1889-1953), and Charles Philip Krauth (1892-1971). He died in Pittsburgh on December 27, 1899, at the young aged of 50 – hence his widow's donation of his mineral collection (275 specimens) to the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh in 1900.
U.S. Passport Application, April 30, 1870.
U.S, Find-a-Grave Index.
Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,
CHAMBERLAIN, J. L. (1902) University of Pennsylvania; its History, Influence, Equipment and Characteristics, with Biographical Sketches and Portraits of Founders, Benefactors, Officers and Alumni. Herndon Company, Boston, vol. 2, 319-320.
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WILSON, Wendell E. (2019)
Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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