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 Joanneum Museum
(founded 1811-    )

In 1811, Archduke Johann of Austria (1782-1859), in cooperation with the estates of Styria, set up the Joanneum (named in his honor) as an Austrian National Museum. Archduke Johann, brother of the Austrian emperor Franz I, was a wholehearted supporter of the educational ideals of the Enlightenment, and expected this first public museum of Austria to be set up as a comprehensive collection of the things that "nature, the changing times, human industry and perseverance have created, that teachers of the various public institutions instill into the enquiring minds of their pupils. It must bring these things to life and thereby make learning easier while stimulating a thirst for knowledge."

The Joanneum was, initially, an educational institution oriented towards natural history and technology. Leading naturalists of the 19th century such as Friedrich Mohs (who developed the Mohs scale of mineral hardness in Graz) taught at the Joanneum, which in 1864 gained the status of an Imperial ("k.k.") Technical College. Reorganized in 1975 as the Archduke Johann University of Technology in Graz, with five faculties, the educational side was thereafter separated both geographically and organizationally from the museum collections, which had been combined in a unified Styrian Museum back in 1887.

Over the 19th and 20th centuries, other collections were added to the Joanneum, so that today the Joanneum Universal Museum has nine buildings of historic interest available for its collections, plus buildings of high-quality contemporary architecture. The Joanneum Universal Museum is considered the largest of its kind in Central Europe. More than 4 million items in the collections form the basis of a richly faceted "universal" exhibition of natural history, technology, the arts and culture.

In autumn 2009, the scientific workrooms, libraries, laboratories, workshops and collections of the Botany, Geology, Paleontology, Mineralogy and Zoology departments moved to the Natural History Center in Andritz, Graz. This is a temporary move in preparation for 2012, when a completely redesigned Natural History Museum with a greatly enlarged exhibition space will open in the Joanneum Quarter. It will house fascinating exhibitions by all the natural science departments of the Joanneum Universal Museum.

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[Citation format for this entry:
WILSON, Wendell E. (2019)
Mineralogical Record
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The Mineralogical Record -  Joanneum Museum Archduke Johann
The Mineralogical Record -  Joanneum Museum Early Joanneum label dated 1859, the year of the Archduke's death; 80 x 106 mm
The Mineralogical Record -  Joanneum Museum 79 x 106 mm
The Mineralogical Record -  Joanneum Museum Joanneum label dated 1872/1873; 81 x 105 mm
The Mineralogical Record -  Joanneum Museum 36 x 57 mm
The Mineralogical Record -  Joanneum Museum A real rarity -- a Nazi-era mineral label from the Joanneum, dated 1940; 98 x 66 mm
The Mineralogical Record -  Joanneum Museum Modern-era Joanneum label; 62 x 80 mm
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