Thomas Lang, Franklin mineral dealer, was born in England in October of 1860, the son of Mariah and Robert Lang, a miner. His family moved to New Jersey in late 1870; his father was probably a miner in England, perhaps Cornwall, and had been hired for his skill to work in the Franklin Furnace mines. The 1880 census shows the family living in Hardyston Township, adjacent to Franklin; the 20-year-old Thomas is listed as an "engineer" (certainly meaning a mining engineer), so it is clear that he had ready access to Franklin minerals.
Thomas Lang of Franklin Furnace, New Jersey began advertising Franklin minerals for sale in the October 1888 issue of the Exchangers' Monthly, and continued his ads through October 1890. He offered specimens in the 10 cents to 1 dollar range, and also had sets of 20 Franklin minerals available. No labels of his are known.
Thomas married a woman named Mary C. ___ in 1883 and together they had four children (Eva, William, Helen, Ruth) by the time of the 1900 census. By 1910 Thomas had risen to the position of mill foreman at the mine, but his wife Mary had died. He does not appear on the 1920 or 1930 censuses and may have died between 1910 and 1920.
U.S. Federal Census, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930.
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[Citation format for this entry:
WILSON, Wendell E. (2019)
Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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||Thomas Lang ad from the March 1889 issue of The Exchangers' Monthly.|