The Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, a Congregational minister from Connecticut, founded Dartmouth College in 1769. The Royal Governor of New Hampshire, John Wentworth, provided the land upon which Dartmouth would be built and on December 13, 1769, conveyed the charter from King George III establishing the College. That charter created a college "for the education and instruction of Youth of the Indian Tribes in this Land ... and also of English Youth and any others." Named for William Legge, the Second Earl of Dartmouth — an important supporter of Eleazar Wheelock's efforts — Dartmouth is the nation's ninth oldest college and the last institution of higher learning established under Colonial rule.
An Ivy League institution, Dartmouth College enrolls approximately 4,300 undergraduates in the liberal arts and 1,200 graduate students. Drawing faculty and students from around the world. In addition to 16 graduate programs in the arts and sciences, it is home to the nation's fourth oldest medical school: the Dartmouth Medical School, founded in 1797; the nation's first professional school of engineering: the Thayer School of Engineering, founded in 1867; and the first graduate school of management in the world: the Tuck School of Business, established in 1900.
The Department of Earth Sciences at Dartmouth includes all disciplines devoted to the study of the Earth. At the advanced level, research and teaching emphasize watershed processes, environmental geochemistry, advanced structural geology and geophysics, sedimentology, paleontology, and remote sensing.
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[Citation format for this entry:
WILSON, Wendell E. (2019)
Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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