PLINIUS SECUNDUS, G. (164) Naturall Historie

The Mineralogical Record - <br><font size=4>PLINIUS SECUNDUS, G. (164) <i>Naturall Historie</i></font size=4>  <i>The Historie Of The World: Commonly called The Natvrall Historie Of C.
Plinivs Secvndvs.</i> Translated into English by Philemon Holland Doctor of Physicke. Printed in London by Adam Islip. 1634[-1635]. Two volumes, title vignettes in both. Skip Carpenter binding, designed by Wendell Wilson, consisting of full brown calf with red spine label and the year “1634” printed at the spine’s base. Front and back covers are blind stamped with a rectangular design, with the center and corners gilded with an ornament. New end papers. In volume 1, the annotation “Thomas Weaver His Book 1729” appears on the title page, along with other annotations in ink. The verso of the title page has other annotations.<br><br>

Very scarce, second issue of the first English translation. Pliny’s <I>Historie of the World</I> is an encyclopedia of all the knowledge of the ancient world. It is the only work that has survived of the 132 written by this prolific author and seeker of knowledge who lost his life exploring the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D. The <I>Histoire</I> treats mathematics, physics, geography, astronomy, medicine, zoology, anthropology, physiology, philosophy, history, agriculture, mineralogy, arts and letters. The work which was handed down through many manuscripts and over 500 printed editions
(1st, Venice, 1469) exerted a incalculable influence on Western culture. Pliny was an accumulator of facts and these he faithfully recorded without critical comment or skeptical judgment, and thus the beliefs of the ancients were propagated forward to the present day.<br><br>

<b>Gaius Plinius Secundus.</b> (Born: Novum Comum (now Como), Italy, , c.23 AD; Died: Near Pompeii, Italy, on August 24th, 79 AD) One of the foremost authorities on science in ancient Europe, Pliny was educated in Rome, and for some years he followed a military career. After serving in the army, he studied
jurisprudence, but retired around 57 AD to devote himself to scholarly study and writing. Pliny wrote many historical and scientific works, including <i>De Laculatione Equestri, Studiosus, Dubius Sermo,</i> a 20-book history of
the Germanic Wars, and 31 books of Roman history covering 41 to 71 AD. Pliny’s great encyclopedia of nature and art in 37 books, the <I>Historia Naturalis</I>, is the only one of his works to have survivd. The first
ten books were published in 77 AD and the remainder after his death, probably under the editorship of his nephew, Pliny the Younger. In 79 AD, eager to examine more closely the great eruption of Mount Vesuvius that overwhelmed
and destroyed Herculaneum and Pompeii, he sailed across the bay of Naples to Stabiae, where he was suffocated by the vapors from the eruption.<BR><BR>

<b>Philemon Holland.</b> (Born: Chelmsford, Essex, England, 1552; Died: Coventry, England, 9 February 1636/7) English translator & scholar; son of a clergyman, Holland graduated form Trinity College, Cambridge, with a Master of Arts degree. He was incorporated 1585. Subsequently, he studied medicine and about 1595 opened a medical practice when he settled in Coventry. He produced many English translations of classical works.