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J. S. Newberry
(1822-1892)

John Strong Newberry, a prominent 19th-century American geologist and Professor at the Columbia School of Mines, was born in Windsor, Connecticut on December 22, 1822 and grew up in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. His father's coal mines contained many Carboniferous-aged plant and fish fossils which were Newberry's first geological inspiration. He graduated from Western Reserve College in 1846 and from Cleveland Medical College in 1848. He then spent nearly two years in study and travel abroad. In 1851 he settled in Cleveland and established a medical practice which he maintained until 1855, when he was appointed Acting Assistant Surgeon and Geologist to the exploring party under Lieutenant Robert S. Williamson. Their expedition was charged with examining the country between San Francisco and Columbia River. Newberry then accompanied Lieutenant Joseph C. Ives in the exploration of the Colorado River, ascending it by steamer 500 miles to the entrance of the great canyon. On the completion of this work Newberry was assigned to an expedition for the exploration of the San Juan and upper Colorado Rivers under the command of Captain John N. Macomb. He spent the summer of 1859 in traveling over parts of southern Colorado, Utah, northern Arizona, and New Mexico, studying a large area of country that was previously unknown, but has since proved to be rich in mineral deposits.

During the Civil War he resigned from the army and became Secretary of the Western Department of the United States Sanitary Commission in1861. After the war he was appointed Professor of Geology and Paleontology at the Columbia College School of Mines, and took charge of that department in the autumn of 1866; he stayed until his death in 1892. During his tenure there he created a museum of over 100,000 mineral and fossil specimens, principally self-collected, which served to illustrate his lectures in paleontology and economic geology.

In 1869 Newberry was appointed State Geologist of Ohio; following the completion of that survey he was associated with the New Jersey Geological Survey. In 1884 he was appointed paleontologist to the United States Geological Survey. Newberry was often consulted as an expert with reference to mining property, and he traveled extensively for this purpose through the mining districts of the United States. During the World's fair in Philadelphia in 1876 he was one of the judges. In January, 1888, the Geological society of London conferred on him its Murchison Medal. He was a member of numerous scientific societies, both in the United States and Europe. In 1863 he was named by congress one of the corporate members of the National Academy of Sciences, and in 1867 he served as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was also elected President of the New York Academy of Sciences in 1867, and served in that position for 24 years. He was an original member of the Geological Society of America in 1888, won the Murchison medal from the Geological Society of London that same year, was elected first vice-president of the GSA in 1889, served on the committee that organized the International Geological Congress, and was elected fourth president of the IGC in 1891. Newberry's various published papers and reports number over 200 titles, chiefly in the fields of geology and paleontology.

References:
Appletons Encyclopedia (2001) Virtualology.
KEMP, J.F. (1893), Bulletin of the Geological Society of Amrica, p. 393-406.
WHITE, C.A. (1906), Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Science, p. 1-24.
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[Citation format for this entry:
WILSON, Wendell E. (2017)
Mineralogical Record
Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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The Mineralogical Record - J. S. Newberry John Strong Newberry
The Mineralogical Record - J. S. Newberry 40 x 65 mm,
The Black Mountains are in Arizona (ca. 1859)
The Mineralogical Record - J. S. Newberry 39 x 64 mm,
(ca. 1859)
The Mineralogical Record - J. S. Newberry 32 x 45 mm,
The Chocolate Mountains are in western Arizona (ca. 1859)
The Mineralogical Record - J. S. Newberry 32 x 45 mm,
The Black Mountains are in Arizona (ca. 1859)
The Mineralogical Record - J. S. Newberry 33 x 46 mm
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