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Fabien Gautier d'Agoty
(1747-1781)

Jean Fabien Gautier d'Agoty was born in Paris in 1747, the fifth son of Jacques Gautier (1716-1785), a French pioneer in the development of color printing. Jacques had been an assistant and successor to the painter and engraver Jacques Christophe Le Blon (1670-1741), inventor of the chromolithographic printing process. Le Blon had experimented with a three-color process, but Gautier added a fourth color, black, to perfect the technique. Fabien was taught art and color printing by his father, and in 1776 felt ready to embark upon the publication of his own work, a collection of color-printed plates and explanatory text devoted to the three Kingdoms of Nature: animals, plants and minerals. Being an admirer of the color plates of minerals produced in 1753-1771 by Casimir Christoph Schmiedel (1718-1792), d'Agoty decided to begin with the Mineral Kingdom. On the recommendation of Balthazar Sage he sought out the well-known Parisian crystallographer Jean Baptiste Louis Romé de l'Isle (1736-1790) to prepare the descriptive text to accompany the plates, and supply specimens to illustrate from his personal collection and from those of other prominent collectors in Paris. The book, entitled Histoire Naturelle Regnè Minéral, was to be issued in eight or ten installments of ten plates each. Unfortunately d'Agoty died in 1781, after issuing only 30 plates in the series. His widow arranged for the completion of the book by another artist, Swebach Desfontaines (q.v.), and ultimately a total of 70 plates were issued.

W.E.W.

Reference:
Wilson, W. E. (1995) Fabien Gautier d'Agoty and his Histoire Naturelle Regnè Minéral (1781). Mineralogical Record, 26, 65-76.

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Number of artworks found: 16 | Artworks being viewed: 1 to 8

The Mineralogical Record: Fabien Gautier d'Agoty - Galena from Pompéan, near Rennes in Brittany, France Galena from Pompéan, near Rennes in Brittany, France
Printed colors on paper (1781), depicting (actual size) a 4.4-inch specimen from the Abbbot Nolin collection. Published in Histoire Naturelle Regnè Minéral.
The Mineralogical Record: Fabien Gautier d'Agoty - Gypsum from Tyrol, Austria Gypsum from Tyrol, Austria
Printed colors on paper (1781), depicting (actual size) a 4.9-inch specimen from the Romé de l'Isle collection. Published in Histoire Naturelle Regnè Minéral.
The Mineralogical Record: Fabien Gautier d'Agoty - Sphalerite with Quartz from Hungary Sphalerite with Quartz from Hungary
Printed colors on paper (1781), depicting (actual size) a 4.3-inch specimen from the Jacob Forster collection. Published in Histoire Naturelle Regnè Minéral.
The Mineralogical Record: Fabien Gautier d'Agoty - Fluotite from the Duchy of Furstenberg Fluotite from the Duchy of Furstenberg
Printed colors on paper (1781), depicting (actual size) a 3.5-inch specimen from the Romé de l'Isle collection. Published in Histoire Naturelle Regnè Minéral.
The Mineralogical Record: Fabien Gautier d'Agoty - Pyromorphite from the La Croix mine, Lorraine, France Pyromorphite from the La Croix mine, Lorraine, France
Printed colors on paper (1781), depicting (actual size) a 1.8-inch specimen from the Romé de l'Isle collection. Published in Histoire Naturelle Regnè Minéral.
The Mineralogical Record: Fabien Gautier d'Agoty - Crocoite from the Berezovsk Mine near Ekaterinberg, Russia Crocoite from the Berezovsk Mine near Ekaterinberg, Russia
Printed colors on paper (1781), depicting (actual size) a 2.2-inch specimen from the Romé de l'Isle collection. Published in Histoire Naturelle Regnè Minéral.
The Mineralogical Record: Fabien Gautier d'Agoty - Pyromorphite from Huelgoet, Basse-Brittany, France Pyromorphite from Huelgoet, Basse-Brittany, France
Printed colors on paper (1781), depicting (actual size) a 3.2-inch specimen from the Romé de l'Isle collection. Published in Histoire Naturelle Regnè Minéral.
The Mineralogical Record: Fabien Gautier d'Agoty - Epidote with Quartz from the Dauphine Alps, France Epidote with Quartz from the Dauphine Alps, France
Printed colors on paper (1781), depicting (actual size) a 5-inch specimen from the Romé de l'Isle collection. Published in Histoire Naturelle Regnè Minéral.
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