The Mineralogical Record
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Jean Bauhin
(1541-1613)

Jean Bauhin was born in 1541, to French Protestant parents living in exile in Basle, Switzerland. He was educated in Basle and in Zurich under the famous naturalist Conrad Gesner, and settled in Lyon, France in 1563 to begin his medical practice. Renewed religious persecution forced him to return temporarily to Switzerland in 1568, but in 1571 he was appointed physician to Duke Frederick of Württemberg, a gracious and supportive patron. Despite his official occupation as physician, however, Bauhin's real love was botany, and he collaborated with Conrad Gesner before Gesner's death in 1565, on a great botanical compendium. Bauhin and Gesner spent many pleasant days together collecting plant and mineral specimens in the Alps.

In 1598 Bauhin published his eclectic study, Historia novi et admirabilis fontis, inspired to some extent by Gesner's De omni rerum fossilium. Historia novi deals primarily with the natural springs at Boll, in the duchy of Württemberg, including a chapter on the local natural history which was, it turns out, rich in crystallized minerals (the chapter is entitled Regarding the metallic minerals which miraculous nature has skillfully shaped in the bowels of the earth…). A total of 211 woodcut engravings depict mineral and fossil specimens in Bauhin's collection. These are the only mineralogical illustrations to appear in the 16th century, other than those of Gesner in 1565 and Imperato in 1599.

W.E.W.

Reference:
Wilson, W. E. (1994) The history of mineral collecting, 1530-1799. Mineralogical Record, 25, 23-24.

Click on thumbnail picture to see larger image.
Number of artworks found: 8 | Artworks being viewed: 1 to 8

The Mineralogical Record: Jean Bauhin - Fluorite with Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg Fluorite with Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg
Woodcut engraving (1598), page 13, Historiae Fontis et Balnei Admirabilis Bollensis. Liber Quartus, De Lapidibus Metalicis que miro naturae artificio in ipssis terrae...
The Mineralogical Record: Jean Bauhin - Fluorite with Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg Fluorite with Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg
Woodcut engraving (1598), page 14, Historiae Fontis et Balnei Admirabilis Bollensis. Liber Quartus, De Lapidibus Metalicis que miro naturae artificio in ipssis terrae...
The Mineralogical Record: Jean Bauhin - Botryoidal and Crystalline Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg Botryoidal and Crystalline Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg
Woodcut engraving (1598), page 38, Historiae Fontis et Balnei Admirabilis Bollensis. Liber Quartus, De Lapidibus Metalicis que miro naturae artificio in ipssis terrae...
The Mineralogical Record: Jean Bauhin - Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg
Woodcut engraving (1598), page 53, Historiae Fontis et Balnei Admirabilis Bollensis. Liber Quartus, De Lapidibus Metalicis que miro naturae artificio in ipssis terrae...
The Mineralogical Record: Jean Bauhin - Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg
Woodcut engraving (1598), page 52, Historiae Fontis et Balnei Admirabilis Bollensis. Liber Quartus, De Lapidibus Metalicis que miro naturae artificio in ipssis terrae...
The Mineralogical Record: Jean Bauhin - Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg
Woodcut engraving (1598), page 51, Historiae Fontis et Balnei Admirabilis Bollensis. Liber Quartus, De Lapidibus Metalicis que miro naturae artificio in ipssis terrae...
The Mineralogical Record: Jean Bauhin - Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg
Woodcut engraving (1598), page 50, Historiae Fontis et Balnei Admirabilis Bollensis. Liber Quartus, De Lapidibus Metalicis que miro naturae artificio in ipssis terrae...
The Mineralogical Record: Jean Bauhin - Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg Pyrite, Boll, Württemberg
Woodcut engraving (1598), page 46, Historiae Fontis et Balnei Admirabilis Bollensis. Liber Quartus, De Lapidibus Metalicis que miro naturae artificio in ipssis terrae...
The Mineralogical Record Museum of Art is is supported entirely by donations from
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